NOT FOR PROFIT
The legal expression “not for profit” indicates an organisation established for purposes other than making money, one where some or all surplus revenues are used to further the intentions for which the organisation was established rather than to benefit the individuals with an interest in it. Not-for-profit organisations in the United Kingdom are often charities, but may also include a wider group of organisations set up with intentions other than to make a financial gain.
ISRA Books is a charitable organisation and the company articles are characterised in the same ways as other charities registered with the Charities Commission.
ISRA Books was instituted to play a part in preserving the cultural heritage of the East. It is our intention to help safeguard this wonderful resource for the enjoyment and enlightenment of the generations that follow us.
Proceeds generated by the sales of our books and tickets for our events are paid back into our enterprise to ensure we can continue this important work for many years to come.
MODERN BOOK PRODUCTION
Modern book production results from the invention of the printing press. Although the earliest known woodblock prints come from China, dating from around 220 AD, the invention of movable type and the printing press in Europe is credited to Johann Gutenberg of Germany. Gutenberg, in collaboration with his partners Johann Fust and Peter Schoffer, printed a Latin Bible using a hand printing press with movable lead type in about 1456. By the nineteenth century, however, the demand for books was so great it could not be met by ordinary hand printing. Printers were therefore forced to develop larger presses that could accommodate larger sheets of paper or the newly-invented continuous rolls of paper. These improvements allowed printers to produce books at a much faster rate.
This involves sewing the pages together, gluing the spine, inserting the lining and trimming the edges. The amount and type of binding depends on the type of book and its size.
Books are made from a variety of different coated and uncoated paper stocks that differ in weight and size. Different colour inks may be used and, while front and back covers are generally made from a heavier stock of paper, they will vary in terms of weight.
• Book design
• Page size and style
• Typeface size and style
• The type and weight of paper for the text and cover
• Use of colours
• Presentation of visuals/illustrations in the text, if needed
• Cover art and illustrations
There are three main printing processes used in book production: offset lithography, letter-press, and gravure. The process used depends on quality and economic factors.